Help:Formatting

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{{PD Help Page}}
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You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in ''italic'', you include it in two single quotes like <code><nowiki>''this''</nowiki></code>  
You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in ''italic'', you include it in two single quotes like <code><nowiki>''this''</nowiki></code>
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== Text formatting markup ==
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== Text formatting markup ==
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Description !! You type !! You get
 
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="3" style="background:#ABE" | character (inline) formatting – ''applies anywhere''
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! Description
 +
! You type
 +
! You get
 
|-
 
|-
|Italic text
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! colspan="3" style="background: rgb(170, 187, 238) none repeat scroll 0% 0%; -moz-background-clip: border; -moz-background-origin: padding; -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" | character (inline) formatting – ''applies anywhere''
| <code><nowiki>''italic''</nowiki></code>
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|''italic''
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|-
 
|-
| Bold text
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| Italic text  
| <code><nowiki>'''bold'''</nowiki></code>
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| <code><nowiki>''italic''</nowiki></code>  
|'''bold'''
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| ''italic''
 
|-
 
|-
| Bold and italic
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| Bold text
| <code><nowiki>'''''bold & italic'''''</nowiki></code>
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| <code><nowiki>'''bold'''</nowiki></code>  
|'''''bold & italic'''''
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| '''bold'''
 
|-
 
|-
|Escape wiki markup
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| Bold and italic
| <code><nowiki><nowiki>no ''markup''&lt;/nowiki></nowiki></code>
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| <code><nowiki>'''''bold & italic'''''</nowiki></code>  
|<nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
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| '''''bold &amp; italic'''''
 
|-
 
|-
! colspan="3" style="background:#ABE" | section formatting – ''only at the beginning of the line''
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| Escape wiki markup
 +
| <code><nowiki><nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>&lt;/nowiki&gt;</code>
 +
| <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
 
|-
 
|-
|Headings of different levels  
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! colspan="3" style="background: rgb(170, 187, 238) none repeat scroll 0% 0%; -moz-background-clip: border; -moz-background-origin: padding; -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" | section formatting – ''only at the beginning of the line''
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|-
 +
| Headings of different levels  
 
| <pre>=level 1=
 
| <pre>=level 1=
 
==level 2==
 
==level 2==
Line 33: Line 35:
 
====level 4====
 
====level 4====
 
=====level 5=====
 
=====level 5=====
======level 6======</pre>
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======level 6======</pre>  
An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:Section#Table of contents (TOC)|table of contents]].
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An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:Section|table of contents]].  
  
|<!-- hack to prevent TOC viewing for h1 - h6 elements: their style is hardcopied here -->
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| <!-- hack to prevent TOC viewing for h1 - h6 elements: their style is hardcopied here --> <div style="border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(170, 170, 170); margin: 0pt; font-size: 188%; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0.17em;">Level 1</div> <div style="border-bottom: 1px solid rgb(170, 170, 170); margin: 0pt; font-size: 150%; padding-top: 0.5em; padding-bottom: 0.17em;">Level 2</div> <div style="font-size: 132%; font-weight: bold;">Level 3</div><!--
<div style="font-size: 188%; margin: 0; padding-top: .5em; padding-bottom: .17em; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa">Level 1</div>
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-->'''Level 4'''<!--
<div style="font-size: 150%; margin: 0; padding-top: .5em; padding-bottom: .17em; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa">Level 2</div>
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--><div style="font-size: 86%; font-weight: bold;">Level 5</div><!--
<div style="font-size: 132%; font-weight: bold">Level 3</div><!--
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-->'''Level 6'''
--><b>Level 4</b><!--
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--><div style="font-size: 86%; font-weight: bold">Level 5</div><!--
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--><b style="font-size: 80%">Level 6</b>
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|-
 
|-
|Horizontal rule
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| Horizontal rule  
| <code>----</code>
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| <code>----</code>  
|
+
|  
 
----
 
----
 +
 
|-
 
|-
|Bullet list
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| Bullet list  
|
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| <pre>* one
<pre>
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* one
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* two
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* three
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** three point one
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** three point two
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</pre>
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Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.
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|
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* one
+
 
* two
 
* two
 
* three
 
* three
 
** three point one
 
** three point one
 
** three point two
 
** three point two
 +
</pre>
 +
Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.
 +
 +
|
 +
*one
 +
*two
 +
*three
 +
**three point one
 +
**three point two
 +
 
|-
 
|-
|Numbered list
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| Numbered list  
|
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| <pre># one
<pre>
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# two&lt;br /&gt;spanning more lines&lt;br /&gt;doesn't break numbering
# one
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# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
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# three
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## three point one
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## three point two
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</pre>
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|
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# one
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# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
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# three
 
# three
 
## three point one
 
## three point one
 
## three point two
 
## three point two
 +
</pre>
 +
|
 +
#one
 +
#two<br>spanning more lines<br>doesn't break numbering
 +
#three
 +
##three point one
 +
##three point two
 +
 
|-
 
|-
|Definition list
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| Definition list  
|<pre>
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| <pre>;item 1
;item 1
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: definition 1
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;item 2
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: definition 2-1
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: definition 2-2
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</pre>
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|
+
;item 1
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: definition 1
 
: definition 1
 
;item 2
 
;item 2
 
: definition 2-1
 
: definition 2-1
 
: definition 2-2
 
: definition 2-2
 +
</pre>
 +
|
 +
;item 1
 +
:definition 1
 +
;item 2
 +
:definition 2-1
 +
:definition 2-2
 +
 
|-
 
|-
| Adopting definition list to indent text
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| Adopting definition list to indent text  
|
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| <pre>: Single indent
<pre>: Single indent
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:: Double indent
 
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent</pre>
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::::: Multiple indent</pre>  
This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.
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This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.  
|
+
 
: Single indent
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|  
:: Double indent
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:Single indent  
::::: Multiple indent
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::Double indent  
 +
:::::Multiple indent
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Mixture of different types of list
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| Mixture of different types of list  
|
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| <pre># one
<pre>
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# one
+
 
# two
 
# two
 
#* two point one
 
#* two point one
Line 121: Line 119:
 
#: four def one
 
#: four def one
 
#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
 
#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
#: and thus often used instead of <br />
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#: and thus often used instead of &lt;br /&gt;
 
# five
 
# five
 
## five sub 1
 
## five sub 1
Line 134: Line 132:
 
:# definition 2-1
 
:# definition 2-1
 
:# definition 2-2
 
:# definition 2-2
</pre>
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</pre>  
The usage of <code>#:</code> and <code>*:</code> for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.
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The usage of <code>#:</code> and <code>*:</code> for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.  
|
+
 
# one
+
|  
# two
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#one  
#* two point one
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#two  
#* two point two
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#*two point one  
# three
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#*two point two  
#; three item one
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#three  
#: three def one
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#;three item one  
# four
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#:three def one  
#: four def one
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#four  
#: this rather looks like the continuation of <code># four</code>
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#:four def one  
#: often used instead of <code>&lt;br /></code>
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#:this rather looks like the continuation of <code># four</code>  
# five
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#:often used instead of <code>&lt;br /&gt;</code>  
## five sub 1
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#five  
### five sub 1 sub 1
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##five sub 1  
## five sub 2
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###five sub 1 sub 1  
 +
##five sub 2
 +
 
 
;item 1
 
;item 1
:* definition 1-1
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:* definition 1-2
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;*definition 1-1  
 +
;*definition 1-2  
 
:
 
:
 
;item 2
 
;item 2
:# definition 2-1
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:# definition 2-2
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;#definition 2-1  
 +
;#definition 2-2
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
|-
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| Preformatted text  
|Preformatted text
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| <pre> preformatted text is done with
|
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<pre>
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preformatted text is done with
+
 
  a '''space''' at the  
 
  a '''space''' at the  
 
  ''beginning'' of the line
 
  ''beginning'' of the line
</pre>
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</pre>  
This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.
+
This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.  
|
+
 
 +
|  
 
  preformatted text is done with
 
  preformatted text is done with
 
  a '''space''' at the  
 
  a '''space''' at the  
 
  ''beginning'' of the line
 
  ''beginning'' of the line
 +
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Paragraphs ==
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== Paragraphs ==
MediaWiki ignores normal line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <code>&lt;br /></code>.
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 +
MediaWiki ignores normal line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <code>&lt;br /&gt;</code>.  
 +
 
 +
== HTML  ==
  
== HTML ==
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Some [[wikipedia:HTML|HTML]] tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>&lt;code&gt;</code>, <code>&lt;div&gt;</code>, <code><nowiki><span></nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki><font></nowiki></code>. These apply anywhere you insert them.  
Some [[wikipedia:HTML|HTML]] tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>&lt;code></code>, <code>&lt;div></code>, <code><nowiki><span></nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki><font></nowiki></code>. These apply anywhere you insert them.
+
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
!Description
 
!You type
 
!You get
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Strikethrough
+
! Description
| <code>&lt;del>Strikethrough&lt;/del></code> or <code>&lt;s>Strikethrough&lt;/s></code>
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! You type
|<del>Strikethrough</del>
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! You get
|- style="white-space:nowrap"
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|-
|Fixed width text
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| Strikethrough  
| <code>&lt;tt>Fixed width text&lt;/tt></code> or <code>&lt;code>source code&lt;/code></code>
+
| <code>&lt;del&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/del&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;s&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/s&gt;</code>  
 +
| <del>Strikethrough</del>
 +
|- style="white-space: nowrap;"
 +
| Fixed width text  
 +
| <code>&lt;tt&gt;Fixed width text&lt;/tt&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;code&gt;source code&lt;/code&gt;</code>  
 
| <tt>Fixed width text</tt>
 
| <tt>Fixed width text</tt>
 
|-
 
|-
|Blockquotes
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| Blockquotes  
| <code>
+
| <code></code>  
text text text text text text text text text text text text
+
text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text &lt;blockquote&gt; quote quote quote quote quote quote &lt;/blockquote&gt; text text text text text text text text text text text text  
text text text text text text text text text text text text
+
 
&lt;blockquotequote quote quote quote quote quote &lt;/blockquote>
+
| text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote>quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote> text text text text text text text text text text text text
text text text text text text text text text text text text
+
</code>
+
| text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote> quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote> text text text text text text text text text text text text
+
 
|-
 
|-
|Comment
+
| Comment  
| <code>&lt;!-- This is a comment --></code>
+
| <code>&lt;!-- This is a comment --&gt;</code>  
Text can only be viewed in the edit window.
+
Text can only be viewed in the edit window.  
|
+
 
<!-- This is a real invisible comment -->
+
| <!-- This is a real invisible comment -->  
 
|-
 
|-
|Completely preformatted text
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| Completely preformatted text  
|
+
|  
<code><nowiki><pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre></nowiki></code>
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<code><nowiki><pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre></nowiki></code>  
|
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<pre> this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre>
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| <pre> this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre>
 
|}
 
|}
  
{{Admin tip|tip=If you trust your users you can allow full HTML by setting <code>{{mediawiki|Manual:$wgRawHtml|$wgRawHtml}} = true;</code> in {{mediawiki|Manual:LocalSettings.php|LocalSettings.php}}.}}
+
<br>  
 +
 
 +
== Other formatting  ==
  
== Other formatting ==
+
Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references:  
Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references:
+
  
*[[Help:Links|Links]]
+
*[[Help:Links|Links]]  
* [[Help:Images|Images]]
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*[[Help:Images|Images]]  
* [[Help:Tables|Tables]]
+
*[[Help:Tables|Tables]]
  
{{Languages}}
+
<br>
  
[[Category:Help|Formatting]]
+
[[Category:Help]]

Revision as of 14:29, 3 June 2010

You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two single quotes like ''this''

Contents

Text formatting markup

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text ''italic'' italic
Bold text '''bold''' bold
Bold and italic '''''bold & italic''''' bold & italic
Escape wiki markup <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki> no ''markup''
section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Headings of different levels
=level 1=
==level 2==
===level 3===
====level 4====
=====level 5=====
======level 6======

An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a table of contents.

Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Level 4
Level 5
Level 6
Horizontal rule ----
Bullet list
* one
* two
* three
** three point one
** three point two

Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.

  • one
  • two
  • three
    • three point one
    • three point two
Numbered list
# one
# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
# three
## three point one
## three point two
  1. one
  2. two
    spanning more lines
    doesn't break numbering
  3. three
    1. three point one
    2. three point two
Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2
item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Adopting definition list to indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.

Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
#: and thus often used instead of <br />
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

;item 1
:* definition 1-1
:* definition 1-2
:
;item 2
:# definition 2-1
:# definition 2-2

The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.

  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this rather looks like the continuation of # four
    often used instead of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
item 1
  • definition 1-1
  • definition 1-2
item 2
  1. definition 2-1
  2. definition 2-2
Preformatted text
 preformatted text is done with
 a '''space''' at the 
 ''beginning'' of the line

This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.

preformatted text is done with
a space at the 
beginning of the line

Paragraphs

MediaWiki ignores normal line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <br />.

HTML

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
Strikethrough <del>Strikethrough</del> or <s>Strikethrough</s> Strikethrough
Fixed width text <tt>Fixed width text</tt> or <code>source code</code> Fixed width text
Blockquotes

text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote> quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote> text text text text text text text text text text text text

text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text
quote quote quote quote quote quote
text text text text text text text text text text text text
Comment <!-- This is a comment -->

Text can only be viewed in the edit window.

Completely preformatted text

<pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre>

 this way, all markups are '''ignored'''


Other formatting

Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references:


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